Andrews Air Force Base – Wikipedia

Andrews Air Force Base (Andrews AFB, AAFB) is the airfield part of Joint Base Andrews, that is below the jurisdiction of the US Air Force.[2] In 2009, Andrews Air Force Base merged with Naval Air Facility Washington to form Joint Base Andrews. Andrews, placed near Morningside, Maryland in suburban Washington, D.C., is the house base of two Boeing VC-25A plane with the decision signal Air Force One whilst the president is on board, that serve the President of the United States, and the President is generally flown in and out of Andrews when visiting from Washington, D.C. through aircraft.[3]
The host unit at Andrews is the 316th Wing, assigned to the Air Force District of Washington. It is accountable for retaining emergency reaction rotary-wing airlift and other National Capital Region contingency reaction talents crucial to national security and for organizing, training, equipping and deploying fight-geared up forces for Air and Space Expeditionary Forces (AEFs). The 316th Wing additionally affords installation protection, services and airfield management to help the President, Vice President, different U.S. senior leaders and more than 50 tenant agencies and federal organizations.
The 316th Wing offers security, employees, contracting, finance and infrastructure guide for five wings, three headquarters, greater than eighty tenant businesses, 148 geographically separated devices, and 6,500 airmen in the Pentagon, in addition to 60,000 airmen and families within the countrywide capital region and around the arena. The 316th Wing helps contingency operations inside the capital of the US with on the spot reaction rotary-property. It also provides safety for the world’s maximum visibility flight line and is answerable for ceremonial help with america Air Force Band, Honor Guard and Air Force Arlington Chaplaincy.[four]
The wing commander is Colonel Tyler R. Schaff,[5] and the command leader grasp sergeant is Chief Master Sergeant Thomas C. Daniels.[6]
For statistical purposes the bottom is delineated as a census-special location via the U.S. Census Bureau. As of the 2010 census, the resident populace was 2,973.[7]History[edit]
Union American Civil War troops used a country church close to Camp Springs, Maryland for slumbering quarters (now named Chapel Two)[8] and on 25 August 1941, President Roosevelt directed use of the land for an airfield.[quotation wished]Camp Springs Air Base[edit]
Camp Springs Air Base was specific on 5 September 1942, and creation started out on sixteen September 1942. The Maryland World War II Army Airfield of the first Air Force[citation wanted] became “specific a sub-base of Headquarters, Baltimore AAFld, past due Nov 1942″—the 901st Quartermaster Company (Construction) have become the bottom operating unit on 14 December 1942.[nine] Camp Springs Army Air Base opened on 2 May 1943,[10][verification wished] and the airfield became operational 2 May 1943 when the first Republic P-47 Thunderbolts arrived.[citation wished] after the 367th Fighter Squadron became stationed at Camp Springs on 21 April 1943. On 6 June 1943 the Camp Springs headquarters gained command of four sub-bases: Baltimore AAFld, Dover Army Airfield, Millville Army Airfield, and Philadelphia Municipal Airport have become sub-bases of Camp Springs AAB.[nine]
The airfield had 5,500 toes (1,seven-hundred m) runways by means of 1944 while the ninetieth Fighter Control Squadron became formed (28 March 1944),[9] and the closing Camp Springs fight devices (e.g., 535th Fighter Escort Squadron) departed for World War II fight on 10 April 1944.[11] Camp Springs turned into elevated to turn out to be the preliminary headquarters of Continental Air Forces (CONAF) (activated 12 December 1944)—the 161st AAF Base Unit (CONAF) have become the “Andrews Field” running unit on 16 April 1945.[9]Andrews Field[edit]
Andrews Field turned into named on 7 February 1945 in honor of Lt Gen. Frank Andrews and in 1946, Andrews was a sub-base of Bolling Field (three January 1946 – 20 November 1946)[nine].[12] Strategic Air Command headquarters transferred from Bolling Field to Andrews. The command of CONAF’s Radar Bomb Scoring detachments (e.g., at Dallas Love Field) transferred to Andrews on 17 March 1946 when the “263 AAF BU” become assigned (transferred 23 February 1948) to Carswell AFB).[9]
Andrews was transferred from the Army to the Air Force in 1947, and it changed into a Headquarters Command installation from 1947 thru 1952 and once more after 1957.[doubtful– discuss] Headquarters Military Air Transport Service controlled the bottom throughout the period in-between length. The year 1947 marked the appearance of the primary permanently assigned jet-powered aircraft, the F-80 Shooting Star, at Andrews. The long-lived and flexible schooling model of the F-80, the T-33, still performed an essential role in skillability flying programs at Andrews more than 30 years later.Andrews Air Force Base[edit]
Andrews AFB and Joint Base Andrews are named for Lieutenant General Frank Maxwell Andrews (1884–1943), former Commanding General of United States Forces within the World War II European Theater of Operations. General Andrews prepared and commanded the General Headquarters, Air Force (1935–1939), and on the time of his dying on three May 1943 inside the crash of a B-24 Liberator in Iceland, he turned into Commanding General, United States Forces, European Theater of Operations.
Andrews Air Force Base become precise on 24 June 1948, and in June 1950, Andrews rapidly have become concerned in fight readiness schooling for B-25 Mitchell medium bomber crews. Combat readiness schooling and skillability flying for army pilots assigned non-flying duties in the Washington vicinity have remainedkey factors inside the neighborhood project since the status quo of the bottom. HQ Air Research and Development Command (later, Air Force Systems Command) moved to Andrews from Baltimore, 24 June 1958. With the construction of latest facilities beginning in 1959, Andrews had grow to be via early 1962 the number one USAF flight installation serving the Washington, DC, vicinity with the final of the runway at Bolling AFB.
Andrews’ air protection role turned into strengthened within the Nineteen Fifties with the present day in fighter-interceptor hardware acting on the flight line. F-ninety four Starfires, F-102 Delta Daggers and eventually, F-106 Delta Darts fashioned the backbone of the three fighter interceptor squadrons which operated from the bottom until 1963.[13][verification wished]
In the overdue Nineteen Fifties Andrews started out an annual open residence and air show on base. This occasion later evolved into the Department of Defense Joint Services Open House, an annual occasion that now brings more than seven-hundred,000 visitors to the base each year. The open residence is held every yr over Armed Forces Day weekend.
In the years since 1959, Andrews’ flight operations and importance have improved greatly. In 1961, the closing of the Military Air Transport Service’s flying devices at Washington National Airport transferred to Andrews. This became followed a 12 months later by way of the switch to Andrews of all fixed-wing flying activities from Bolling Air Force Base. Andrews has emerge as firmly mounted as the main port of entry for overseas army and government officials en course to Washington and the USA. In July 1961, the reputable presidential aircraft became stationed right here, referred to as “Air Force One” when the president is on board. Before 1961, the presidential aircraft had been kept at Washington National Airport and Bolling AFB.
In 1963, the Naval Air Facility (NAF), at the start set up at the previous NAS Anacostia in 1919, moved to Andrews. The NAF handles Naval VIP flight operations. The Marine Corps detachment that flies the FA-18 Hornet is positioned right here.
In a primary reorganization, Headquarters Command, U.S. Air Force, changed into disbanded 1 July 1976, restructured underneath the Military Airlift Command as the 76th Airlift Division and transferred its headquarters from Bolling AFB to Andrews. The 76th remained the figure unit of the Andrews host command, redesignated because the 1st Air Base Wing.
In October 1977, the 76th Airlift Division became the 76th Military Airlift Wing. The 1st Air Base Wing become redesignated the 76th Air Base Group, and the 89th Military Airlift Wing have become the 89th Military Airlift Group. The 76th MAW remained the figure unit at Andrews. On 15 December 1980, the 76th Airlift Division became reestablished, the 76th Air Base Group became the 1776th Air Base Wing and the 89th Military Airlift Group have become the 89th Military Airlift Wing. On 1 October 1985, the 76th Airlift Division changed into inactivated as the end result of activation of the Headquarters Air Force District of Washington at Bolling AFB. The 1776th Air Base Wing was certain the “host wing” for Andrews AFB and assumed base aid responsibilities.
During Operation Desert Storm, Andrews treated sixteen,540 patients in makeshift medical institution centers placed inside the base tennis center.
A C-32, a in particular configured model of the Boeing 757-200 business intercontinental airliner (89th Airlift Wing)